Putting in A COMPOSITE SHOWER PAN IS Quickly AND Straightforward. Ahead of talking about the straightforward actions to put in a composite shower pan, I felt that some clarification and definitions are essential simply because not all shower pans are alike.
WHAT IS IN A Identify? A roof is a roof, even though there are numerous different roofing systems and roofing components. Not true with “shower pans.” They are usually interchangeably called a shower pan, shower pan liner, shower pan membrane liner, water-proof barrier, shower base, shower tray, or shower receptor. But, every single has a distinct indicating relying on context and every are accessible in a range of components.
Bob Vila’s world wide web site defines a SHOWER PAN as “The base, that contains a water drain, of the shower enclosure.” And a SHOWER RECEPTOR as “A 1-piece base (floor) device employed as a shower, for instance, to capture h2o and direct it to a center drain.”
walk in baths For the sake of clarity, I offer you the following definitions.
SHOWER PAN & SHOWER Base – A concluded spot that is capable of retaining and directing h2o to the drain furthermore it does not require tiling as soon as mounted. The shower pan or base has a drain hole, sloped ground to appropriately direct drinking water to the drain hole, sidewalls, and a threshold (entrance to the shower that forms a suppress to hold water from operating out onto the toilet floor). A shower pan is synonymous with a shower foundation.
SHOWER PAN LINER, MEMBRANE LINER, & Water-proof BARRIER – A barrier, generally a plastic sheet or membrane, that is supposed to trap water that penetrates the shower flooring tile, grout, and mortar underneath the tile and force the water to movement to the drain. As prolonged as it does not leak, it prevents water from achieving the sub-ground and encompassing wall enclosure. The liner is a component in a made shower pan. A shower pan liner is synonymous with a shower pan membrane liner and a watertight barrier.
SHOWER TRAY & SHOWER RECEPTOR – A shower tray is synonymous with a shower receptor. Each are utilised in area of a liner. They serve the very same operate as the liner, but are pre-formed to remove some of the set up measures essential when making use of a liner.
Shower pan liners, shower trays, and shower receptors are all used in conjunction with the building of a shower pan that has a tiled ground as well as a tiled wall enclosure.
Commercially available shower pans are total, prepared-to-put in models. They eradicate the need to create a mud sloped flooring, a shower liner or tray, and tiling of the shower floor.
COMPOSITE SHOWER PANS. As composite shower pans are made from a number of diverse components and constructed in a different way. I desired to contact on each and every of the most typical kinds. Composite shower pans tumble into several material teams cultured marble, fiberglass, acrylic, and reliable surface area. Usually all are manufactured by fabrication of flat sheets, thermal-shaped from a solitary piece of material, or molded or cast to kind a one particular piece device. The 1-piece design gets rid of seams, which in turn gets rid of possible leaks. Each and every has their pluses and minuses. Because attractiveness is in the eye of the beholder, I will not remark on physical appearance. All composite shower pans install on a flat, level ground and do not call for the development of a sloped mud base. Also, the solid or molded pans usually do not demand the use of a plastic membrane.
Cultured marble and dressier variations, like cultured onyx and granite, have a tendency to be the minimum costly. Cultured marble is produced by spraying a ‘gel-coat’ onto a mildew. This coating is about 1/64″ or less in thickness. The gel-coat is lined with pigmentation and then backed with calcium carbonate. The calcium carbonate offers the finished component its strength. Also, in the casting process it is infused with air pockets to decrease its density and excess weight.
The cultured marble ground is cast individually from the sidewalls. Thus, the incorporation of a shower pan liner is important to insure a watertight, leak cost-free installation. Though commonly used, the down aspect of cultured marble is that other than the gel-coat layer, the calcium carbonate is very porous. Any crack or scratch by way of the gel-coat will let water penetration. Other gel-coat qualities incorporate yellowing, even with no UV exposure clouding from very hot faucet water staining crazing (fine hairline cracks) and it is not reparable when cracked or chipped.
Fiberglass is extensively used as properly. Fiberglass is powerful, gentle excess weight and low-cost. Numerous fiberglass producers make one particular-piece shower pans and enclosures and 1-piece blend tubs and showers with the wall enclosures. Similar to cultured marble, fiberglass is manufactured with a gel-coat, then backed with pigment and chopped strands of fiberglass in a resin combination. Typically the concluded solution is about 1/8″ to 1/four” in thickness. The underside of the shower pan ground has webbing added to give assist to the flooring. As the flooring is not sound, the unsupported area in between the webbing can flex. This flexing is specifically visible with large loading or where 1 is standing between to the webbing. Over time, the flexing can trigger content exhaustion and cracking. As soon as a crack develops, the pan has unsuccessful.
Acrylic sheets are utilised to vacuum type shower pans, bathtubs, spas and several other products. The vacuum forming approach begins with a 1/4″ sheet of pigmented acrylic that is heated to a temperature that makes the acrylic ductile. The sheet is positioned on a mildew and stretched in excess of the form to produce the concluded condition. The heating and stretching of the sheet triggers a reduction in wall thickness. The reduction is straight proportional to the sum of stretching that happens. With shower pans there is far much less substance reduction than with making a tub or spa. The heating, stretching, and cooling of the content could also introduce stresses to the concluded pan.
Like fiberglass pans, acrylic pans need assist elements beneath the pan ground. A commonly employed assistance element is polyurethane foam. The foam fills the void and eliminated the flexing of the pan flooring. Acrylic sheet material is susceptible to crazing, moment area cracking, and cracking when cleaned with many common cleaning substances. Must crazing take place, above time these cracks can guide to a pan failure.
Acrylic sheets have really various bodily and chemical homes than acrylic reliable surface resources. In addition to the acrylic resin utilized in sound surface, the sound surface material receives further bodily and chemical traits from the addition of alumina-tri-hydrate, or ATH. The ATH brings about cleaners that adversely affect acrylic to have no have an effect on on solid area.
Solid surface area shower pans are the prime-of-the-line in actual physical and chemical traits as nicely as overall performance, reparability and a myriad of other features and rewards. The main characteristics of strong area are it is non-porous, will not support the development of mildew, mildew, or bacteria, is obtainable in a huge variety of looks (some like all-natural granite) and colors, and is 100% repairable need to chipping, scratching, or even cracking occur. Health departments during the country have authorized solid surface supplies for use in hospitals and foodstuff preparation places for its resistance to bacterial growth, simplicity of cleaning and routine maintenance, and resistance to staining and contamination.
Some strong surface shower pan makers fabricate their pans from sheet items in a comparable fashion as the acrylic shower pans. That is, they thermal type the pan floors by heating and stretching the material and then bond sidewalls and a threshold to the floor.
The Royal Stone brand of solid area shower pans are the pans that I manufacture and will use to illustrate the simplicity and relieve of set up that can be had when putting in a composite shower pan. As opposed to fabricated solid floor shower pans, the Royal Stone shower pans are a cast 1-piece strong area product. By casting the pan as a one-piece device, there are no stresses released in the pan, and there are a lot of other functions engineered and designed into this pan.
The most obvious attributes are the huge radius changeover between the pan floor and its sidewalls. Secondly, the flange (also referred to as a weep edge) is 1-one/two” tall. I have witnessed pans that do not integrate an integral flange or have flanges one/2″ to one” tall. The added top is made to minimize, if not eliminate, any drinking water getting drawn up behind the wall surround panels that could cause water hurt to the shower sub-structure.
Royal Stone’s pans have a least wall thickness of 1/2″ and the webbing elements have a extensive foot with big pressure relieving radius corners between the pan ground and the webbing. All shower pans are engineered to assist the fat of three/4″ thick (2 cm) granite slabs as properly as all other frequently utilized wall components like tile, fiberglass, acrylic, and strong area panels. Ultimately, no matter of flooring loading, the Royal Stone pan ground is so reliable that it feels like one particular is standing on a rigid concrete ground. There is no perceptible flexing or oil-canning of the pan flooring. As a result, there is no probability of flooring tiredness and cracking in excess of time and the prospective for pan failure is eliminated.
Set up IS Quickly AND Effortless. As I have presently mentioned, composite pans install on a flat sub-ground. The following installation data could not apply to all types of composite shower pans. Exclusively, I have immediate understanding of setting up the solid one particular-piece strong surface shower pans that Royal Stone manufactures. As a result, the following immediately applies to Royal Stone’s common and customized shower pans. The identical methods need to also use to other kinds of composite pans and other supplies, nonetheless, follow the producers recommended installation recommendations.
As a manufacturer, I do not install pans. The images incorporated in this report have been presented by a nearby installer. They ended up supplemented by images of a various pan, for clarity of the installation procedure. As a result the various pan colour and form. Additional, most of the photographs ended up from a distinctive plumbing predicament. The house experienced all of the plumbing earlier mentioned floor. Hence, a particleboard platform was constructed over the plumbing for the shower. The pursuing set up data applies to concrete, plywood, particleboard, wooden, and so forth. sub-flooring at, over, or beneath quality.
Step #one – SUB-Ground Preparing: Making use of the template supplied with the shower pan, spot template on the ground and verify that the drain is in the right area. If the drain is NOT appropriately found, relocate the drain. Note: Relocating the drain is generally much less pricey than getting a custom made pan solid to accommodate your current drain spot.
The hole in the sub-floor needs to be larger than the drain pipe. About a six” round or sq. gap (about the measurement of a espresso can) is advised. This larger opening permits area for the drain assembly that extends underneath the base of the pan. Most drain pipes are 2″ PVC. The PVC pipe makes it possible for for some flexing inside of the 6″ opening in the sub-flooring. This flexing is wanted and helps make the pan set up less complicated. The PVC pipe should prolong over the finished sub-ground by a minimum of 1/2″ to about three” to four”.
The sub-floor can be wood, plywood, concrete or any other rigid or properly supported area. The sub-floor need to be level and free of charge from debris. To assure a amount flooring, check out the flooring with a extended stage as shown in Fig. 1. The longer the stage, the far more probably that the sub-floor will be degree at its best proportions. Verify front to again at the still left and right sides and at the middle. Do the same from facet to facet. Ultimately, check out the diagonals. Fig. 2 implies the location of the eight readings that should be taken.
Depending on the outcomes of the amount measurements, some further prep could be needed. If the sub-floor is reasonably flat, shims might be employed to make the shower pan degree. If the ground is uneven and out of amount, pouring self leveling slender-established materials may be required.
As soon as the sub-floor is level and the opening for the drain is appropriate, the placing of the shower pan is next.
Step #2 – Attach DRAIN ASSEMBLY TO PAN: A common two part Brass Drain Assembly is advisable, as revealed in Fig. three. This type of assembly should be readily obtainable at any plumbing provide keep or home improvement store. Royal Stone also sells this drain assembly. Disassemble the drain assembly. Maintaining the elements in order helps make reassembly more quickly and less complicated.
Place the pan on noticed horses or any lifted platform that enables accessibility to the leading and bottom of the pan. Spray the drain opening with rubbing alcohol, Fig. four. With a thoroughly clean rag, wipe the surface area and inside edge of the pre-minimize drain opening, to get rid of any dust or other contaminants from the pan’s drain location. Around the drain opening apply a generous bead of a hundred% silicone, Fig. 5.
Insert Brass Drain Physique, Component #5 of the Brass Drain Assembly into the drain hole, Fig. 6, and push firmly into area, Fig. seven.
Step #3 – Take away Excessive SILICONE: Get rid of the surplus silicone from the Drain Body, Portion #five. Spray an alcohol mist over the drain area and the silicone, Fig. 8. With a Dap-Cap, scoop away the excess silicone, Fig. nine. This stage may possibly have to be recurring several moments to fully get rid of the silicone. Very last, spray a mist of alcoholic beverages and wipe remaining film absent from the Drain Physique, Portion #5, with a gentle fabric.
Action #4 – MOUNT DRAIN LOCKING RING: Connect the Drain Strainer, Element #1, to assure that the Drain Body, Part #five, is centered inside of the drain gap, Fig. ten. From the base facet of the shower pan, attach Components #six, 7, & eight to Component #five. Tighten the Locking Ring, Portion #eight until finally comfortable. DO NOT More than TIGHTEN. Above tightening might crack the shower pan. Get rid of the Drain Strainer, Part #1, and set apart.
If any extra silicone has been squeezed out from between the shower pan drain and the Drain Body, Portion #5, repeat Step #three right up until all extra silicone has been removed.
Managing Suggestion: Employing a established of glazer’s grips permits for less complicated handling and shifting the pan into the proper location. If these are not offered, brute power also works.
Stage #5 – DRY Suit THE SHOWER PAN: Reduced the shower pan into location. Make certain that about 1/8″ space exists amongst the shower pan flange and the studs. With the degree, validate that the pan is sitting flat on the floor as shown in Fig. 11 & 12. If further shimming is essential, elevate pan and location shimming materials in which essential. Lower the pan into location and verify for amount. Repeat until the pan is stage.
Warning: When leaning and managing the shower pan, manage carefully to stop damage to the shower pan’s flange.
A Amount PAN IS Essential FOR Proper DRAINAGE.
Action #six – SILICONE THE Base OF THE PAN: Lift pan and lean against a single of the studded partitions. Utilize 100% silicone caulking to the webbing, Fig. 13, on the underside of the shower pan . Also, use a thick silicone ring all around the drain opening in the sub-flooring, Fig. fourteen. If shims ended up employed, silicone all shims into place on sub flooring as needed.
Stage #seven – Established SHOWER PAN: Reduce shower pan into location. Examine the pan for amount. Press down as required to re-level the shower pan. Implement a silicone bead together the front edge of the threshold to seal the threshold of the pan to the sub-ground.
Stage #eight – Hook up DRAIN PIPE TO DRAIN ASSEMBLY: Inject silicone completely about and between the drain pipe and the Brass Drain Entire body, Element #five, as proven in Fig. fifteen. Location the Rubber Gasket, Element #four of the Drain Assembly, over the PVC pipe and slide down until finally the prime of the Rubber Gasket, Component #4, is totally seated and is under the best of the Drain Assemble, Fig. 16. Screw the Locking Ring, Element #three of the Drain Assembly on to the Drain Physique, Element #5. Tighten the Locking Ring, Part #three, with the Tightening Instrument, Portion #2 until the Rubber Gasket, Component #four, is seated and tightly in area.
Phase #9 – TRIMMING THE PVC: The top of the PVC drain pipe Need to NOT increase previously mentioned the Brass Drain Physique, Element #five. If it is at the best of the Brass Drain Entire body, Element #five, or extends above the top, trim the PVC so that it is about 1/four” decrease than the prime of the Brass Drain Entire body, Part #five but is taller than the top of the Rubber Gasket, Portion #four. Reduce the PVC pipe with a Dremel and a lower-off wheel.
If the Tightening Instrument, Component #2 has not already been taken out, remove it and push the Drain Strainer, Part #one, into place. The installation is total. Excluding any sub-flooring preparing, the set up must just take about one hour or considerably less.
Phase #10 – CURING: Permit the shower pan set for 24 to 48 hrs to let the silicone to effectively treatment. After remedied, the wallboard and wall panels can be set up.
Warning: When attaching reliable floor shower pans and wall panels, ONLY use 100% SILICONE. Other adhesives or caulks may possibly harden. The reduction of the elastic bond amongst the reliable surface and other components can trigger stresses in the solid surface area. In change, these stresses may cause fractures of the part and void the manufacturer’s guarantee.